Climate-Smart Agriculture Possible Roles of Agricultural Universities in a Strengthened Norwegian Climate Change Engagement in

March 2012

Noragric Report No 64. Department of International Environment and Development Studies. Norwegian University of Life Sciences.

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Agriculture and Food Security in Africa's Drylands Meeting the realities of small-scale farmers

Briefing paper | January 2010

If the international community is serious about reaching Millenium Development Goals 1, 7 and 8, investing in drylands should be top priority. This paper, published by Both ENDS, argues that marrying local practice and scientific knowledge and that ensuring the participation of CSO’s in linking local people, scientists and decision-makers, are key to meeting basic needs in drylands, now and in the future.

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South Sudan Food Security Update

By USAID, September 2009 | September 2009

The food insecure population is estimated at 1.3 million. This 20 percent above what was initially projected early this year. The increase has been caused by escalating conflict and increased hunger season food shortages associated with delayed harvests.

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Climate Change in Eastern and Southern Africa: Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation Report 2008:2 from GECHS, University of Oslo

October 2008

Africa as a whole is considered to be among the most vulnerable regions to climate variability and change due in part to a lack of financial, institutional and technological capacity. However, the role that non-climatic factors play in exacerbating or reducing the impacts of climate change creates a highly differentiated picture. A number of important findings have emerged from the climate change and development literature, and from analyses of risks and hazards.

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Sudan Food Assistance Transition Study

Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance Project (FANTA), 2007. | June 2008

This study was designed to assess the impact of stability resulting from the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on the most food insecure and nutritionally vulnerable areas and groups in southern Sudan and the Three Areas, and make recommendations about how Title II and Disaster Assistance (DA) resources should be used in addressing the prevailing food security issues.

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Transforming Pastoralism: A Case Study of the Rufa’a al Hoi Ethnic Group, Blue Nile State, Sudan

Sudan Working Paper (SWP 2008:1) | May 2008

The pastoral sector in Sudan in general and in the Blue Nile State in particular has been marginalized and impoverished as a result of detrimental state policies, deteriorating environmental conditions and encroaching civil war. In order to survive these assaults, poor households among the Rufa’a al Hoi ethnic group were the first to settle and engage in activities only remotely related to the pastoral sector.

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