The study presented in this report examins grazing practices in Tigray and Hararghe looking at four districts that represent different agro-ecologies, and presents several recommendations for implementing Zero grazing in Tigray.
The objective of the study was to assess the challenges, opportunities and available good practices in relation to zero grazing, and to develop recommendations that could help policy makers design an appropriate strategy to implement zero grazing in Tigray.
From the study it can be concluded that zero grazing has been exercised in Hararghe study areas for decades. Farmers adopted zero grazing due to shortage/lack of grazing land and labor, and developed a culture of fattening animals. There was a gain in animal productivity and a reduction in disease incidence due to zero grazing. Matching the number of livestock holding with limited feed resources also enabled increased livestock productivity in Hararghe.
On the contrary, free grazing is exercised in Tigray, except in urban and pre-urban areas. Communal grazing lands, which are highly degraded, overgrazed and overstocked, are the main feed sources for animals. The report present a series of recommendations for implementing zero grazing in Tigray.