This report aims to understand the vulnerability contexts that are challenging the livelihoods of pastoralist in Ethiopia, looking into different options for adaptation to climate change .
The report attempts to create an in-depth understanding of the stressors that influence people's livelihoods in order to address on-going and future challenges, recognizing that pastoralists have considerable knowledge and experience in dealing with climatic variability, expected to increase with climate change. However, the environmental and societal stresses experienced today are driven in part by global processes, and the traditional ways of coping with climatic variability will be insufficient in addressing climatic changes.
In this report, the vulnerability context, multiple stressors and local adaptation strategies of pastoralists in Afar and Somali regions are investigated in order to identify the social, environmental and development processes that shape adaptation options in both areas. The report takes as a starting point the recognition that pastoral communities are custodians of the local environment, and calls for a shift in development and political structures if socially and environmentally sustainable pathways are to be found.