The Ecofarm project in Sudan tested several crop and livestock technologies aiming to increase agricultural production and improve food security. This report presents the final results of the project.
Traditional dry-land farming in western Sudan is the main source of livelihood for more than 75% of the population. The objectives of the Ecofarm Research Project (2007-2010) in Kordofan Region in Western Sudan, were to increase agricultural production and improve food security. Several crop and livestock technologies were tested to verify their suitability.
On-station and on-farm trials were carried out to study the effect of seed priming and micro-fertilization on pearl millet, sorghum, groundnut, sesame and cowpea. These results indicate that micro-fertilization and seed priming has the potential to improve productivity and food security. These technologies are simple, with low financial cost, low risk and affordable to resource-poor farmers.
Livestock research activities covered on-farm mineral saltlick supplementation trials on lactating goats and cows and strategic supplementary feeding on sheep using cowpea hay. Conventional rations used in dry lot fattening and finishing of ruminant livestock are mainly based on use of oilseed cake and sorghum grains. Potential protein sources are hays of leguminous crops such as cowpeas and groundnut. This trial was done with the objective of comparing cowpea and groundnut hays with oilseed cakes for ram fattening.