The report gives a thorough overview of the nomad sector in Kordofan and provides a framework and factual background for work on the issues that challenge the nomads of Kordofan.
The nomad sector in Kordofan is affected by disturbances in surrounding areas (Darfur and the South), by commercial farming that has taken huge tracts of land with associated displacement, disturbance of nomadic migration, internal conflicts, and land degradation. The sector is also affected by climate change and by legal and policy frameworks that may not be favorable to nomads.
This report is an in depth study surveying the current situation of nomads taking the case of the Shanabla tribe in North Kordofan, western Sudan was conducted using participatory approaches. The purpose was to increase knowledge on changes and threats facing their livelihood and to provide information for planners and policy makers in formulating poverty alleviation, conflict reduction and food security policies for these vulnerable communities under the dry land conditions.
Key factors underpinning continuing poverty and suffering of pastoralists include lack of effective representation of their interests, reduced access to and control over natural resources, poor access to and inappropriate models of basic service delivery, inappropriate and inadequate development of water supplies for livestock and humans, lack of basic infrastructure and communications, inefficient livestock markets, increased incidence of drought and reduced capacity of pastoralists to cope with it, widespread conflict, increased dropout from pastoral life (from 30% of total population in 1956 to 8% in 2000).