Strategies of adaptation of agriculture and livestock to the effects of climate change

Mali is a Sahelian agro-pastoral country which has been hard hit by the effects of climate change. Local responses to the Sahelization phenomenon have undoubtedly given satisfactory results which have unfortunately not been capitalized on.

The phenomenon of Sahelization, which is a consequence of climate change, is a process which began over a half century ago, but which began to become manifest in a troubling and progressive manner from the past three decades onwards. These causes which are numerous and economic in nature (persistent poverty of the communities), human (rapid population growth, anthropic pressure, poorly adapted cultural practices, etc.) and natural (climate hazards) establish among them cause and effect relations.

In the face of this phenomenon, since the 1970’s, actors of the agropastoral sector (technical services, communities, research institutes, NGOs, etc.) have developed individually and as they can, responses albeit local ones to the phenomenon. These actions which are often conducted in the framework of a more or less important program, in a more or less circumscribed manner in space and time, have undoubtedly given satisfactory results which have unfortunately not been capitalized on.

Thus, DCG whose mission is to struggle for the advent of sustainable food security in Mali, must have a clear awareness of the knowledge capital in this domain in the country. This will also apply to the formal and informal policies (practices), of innovative agricultural technologies, etc. in order to better promote its own activities. Hence the necessity for DCG Mali to conduct this study the results of which will be memory and a reference for actors in general and DCG Mali in particular.

Build on Malian farmers and pastoralists’ practices in terms of climate change adaptation in order to contribute to a better orientation of DCG’s and other stakeholders’ activities in the area of food security in Mali.

The Project Goals:

Have a index of all the strategies and practices for adaptation of agriculture and livestock to climate change,

Record the study results in a report,

Sponsor a workshop of validation, review, and dissemination of study results,

Disseminate such data through the different information channels in order to improve farmers’ and pastoralists’ knowledge and know-how throughout Mali.

Conduct studies in target pastoral and agricultural areas (Nara and Segou areas). As a matter of fact, Segou and Koulikoro regions are both essentially agro-pastoral areas. And by that fact, they are exposed to the effects of climate change.

Production of the report, workshop of review, validation, and dissemination of the study results.

The results will be shared between DCG members and their partners. The latter will disseminate information toward the populations in their areas of activity. In addition, DCG will make available the study results to decision makers and extension services for dissemination. The dissemination will take place essentially through those NGOs operating in the area of food security in general and DCG member NGOs in particular. Thanks to project results, Malian farmers will learn about the technologies which will help them better adapt to climate change.