Management and Feasibility of Pastoral Infrastructures


The Malian Government and its development partners have made tremendous efforts in the realization of pastoral infrastructures. The setting up of these infrastructures has been an important asset in the development of pastoralism. However, the different stakeholders have forgotten or have refused to develop and implement accompaniment measures helping not only to operationalize but also make profitable and sustainable the infrastructures set up. The result is that nearly all of them have disappeared or have ceased to be operational.


The Malian Government and its development partners such as the PGRN (Natural Resources Management Project), PRODESO (Western Sahel Region Livestock Development Project), PRP (Poverty Reduction Project), PGVA (Native Vegetation Management Project) have deployed lots of efforts in the realization of pastoral infrastructures : water points (wells, pastoral boreholes, ponds), vaccination parks,  pastoral perimeters, animal corridors (bourtoles). The goals intended through the realization of these infrastructures include: provide farmers and their herd with the best opportunities for exercising pastoralism in the area (improved transhumance conditions, improved feeding and drinking for animals and improved sanitary conditions), the profits made with infrastructures and the support to the realization of food security. The setting up of these infrastructures has been an important asset for the development of pastoralism.  

However, the different stakeholders have forgotten or refused to develop and implement accompaniment measures helping not only operationalize but also make profitable and sustainable the infrastructures set up so much so that at the conclusion of activities, they would have almost all disappeared or become inefficient.  As a matter of fact, the creation of infrastructures has rarely been followed by application of an organizational and institutional arrangement in terms of setting up management structures (management committee), capacity building and management structure equipment.  Most of the time, the few management committees set up are not capable of meeting the specifications and effectively making profitable the most important infrastructures for such non functional organizations. This is the activity which has motivated AFAD and its partners to consider the present study which proposes to make a diagnosis of the different achievements in the area of pastoralism, identify the underlying causes of their weak functional capacity and propose paths of action for their feasibility and sustainability.

The goal of the project is to contribute to the institution of better food security for pastoralists in Koulikoro, Kayes, and Segou regions.

Specific goals:

  • Make an assessment of the existing pastoral infrastructures in the target area.
  • Study and analyze the entire route and management process of pastoral infrastructures (hydraulics, vaccination parks, etc.)
  • Identify the most significant factors limiting food security in the target area
  • Propose infrastructure management modes which are operational, reliable and profitable
  • Share the results of analyses with the different actors.
  • Set up monitoring and evaluation mechanisms of evaluation of initiatives developed by previous and current programs.

The diagnosis of the situation of those pastoral infrastructures which have been created

One of the conditions for success of the operationalization process of pastoral infrastructures is the perfect recognition of the latter: number, level of organization and operation, mode and management tools, services provided, obstacles encountered. Thus, AFAD and its partners will first make an inventory of existing infrastructures in the target areas before conducting an organizational and institutional analysis intended to gauge the level of organization and operation and identify the possible obstacles to their operation.  

Validation workshop for the results of the diagnosis of the infrastructures situation

AFAD will share with all its partners the conclusions of the study on the situation of pastoral infrastructures in the course of a validation workshop. Second step of the process, the validation workshop will try to reach the following goals:

The workshop will be held in Bamako and will bring together, in addition to AFAD and its DCG partners, the technical services representatives of the communes involved (livestock, agriculture, water and forestry), elected officials (communal councils, district council), line authorities, agro-pastoral organizations, traditional authorities, and farming organizations.

The review of the diagnostic results in the areas covered

Once validated by the workshop, the study results will be reviewed with the communities of the areas covered. The goal of this activity is not only to have the latter’s feedback on the results of the diagnostic analysis, but also to bring them to mobilize around the future activities to be undertaken. The review will be conducted in each area by a monitoring committee supported by the team of consultants which carried out the study.

This study will conclude the first year of the project.

Support to the operationalization of pastoral infrastructures (PHASE II)

This step will constitute the implementation of the operations plan developed by common agreement with participants in the validation workshop on the analytic results of the situation of pastoral infrastructures. It will also translate the express will of the actors involved in the issues of pastoralism to operationalize and make profitable the existing infrastructures in order to give livestock a new lease of life in the areas covered. Thus, the activity will be built around the following domain:

Setting up and/or revitalization of management bodies for the infrastructures

Capacity building of the members of the agencies set up

Monitoring infrastructure management

Evaluation of the study project (PHASE II)

At the end of the year, AFAD and its partners will conduct a participatory evaluation of the implementation of the operational plan designed for operationalizing and making profitable pastoral infrastructures. Such evaluation will be conducted in the form of an assessment of the implementation of those tasks entrusted to the different actors involved in the issues of pastoralism, in the course of which workshop they will measure the state of implementation in terms of strengths and weaknesses and will make projections for the continuation of activities in the future.

The significant changes expected from the project after a year of activity are as follows:

  • A better knowledge of pastoral infrastructures created in the target area,
  • Operationalization of pastoral infrastructures, transparent and efficient management thanks to the management committees which are well trained and with efficient management tools and which are well kept,
  • Men/women equity observed in the make up of infrastructure management committees.
  • Availability of profitable and sustainable pastoral infrastructures (hydraulics, vaccination parks, and pastoral perimeters).
  • Better used pastoral and agricultural resources,
  • Food security assured.
  • The reference situation will be established from the baseline study and a final evaluation will help determine the distance covered.