The goal of the project is to contribute to setting up a sustainable policy mechanism for improving food self-production in the communes of Nara and Guenebe in Koulikoro region, Fatinè and Fani in Segou region, taking into account the Economic, Social, and Cultural Development Plans (PDSEC).
According to the national food strategy document, this phenomenon is presumably essentially due to the low level of farmers’ self-production.
This assertion we make on our own account is justified by the poor inclusion of the results of agricultural research into local policies in general.
As a matter of fact, DCG, through AMAPROS, KILABO, and Care Mali experimented from 2005 to 2008 the Ecofarm technologies which are technologies of adaptation of agriculture to the effects of climate change. Most such technologies as microdose, mulching, half-moon, glyricidia fodder bank, etc. have been adopted by farmers in the target areas already in the first years. However, the biggest problem at this level remains funding for inputs as we know that inputs are very expensive and cannot be readily afforded by farmers. Hence the necessity to record these activities in the PDSECs; in so doing, communal elected officials thus are tasked with mobilizing resources for their implementation while this had been taken up until now by technical partners such as DCG.
That is the reason why researchers are positive that a systematic application of research results in the current situation would help improve production and productivity of lands by over 60%, which should help reduce by similar proportions the vulnerability of farmers in general and poor households in particular. In order to avoid always seeking financial partners’ support, we thus estimate that it would be more lasting to bring local policies (notably communal elected officials) to record such farming practices in their Economic, Social and Cultural Development Plans (PDSEC), the major reference document of their development.
The PDSEC is developed at the communal level for a duration of 5 years and can be modified any time if necessary. Hence the necessity to conduct technologies in an experimental manner over the first two years by involving local decision makers (the municipal council which is composed of 11 members) and the other local stakeholders such as the agricultural service, the public administration, etc. That is where lies the significance of exchange visits and assessment workshops, which are frameworks helping us assess in a progressive and participatory manner, the different results.
Help set up a sustainable policy mechanism for improved food self-production in the communes of Nara and Guénébé in Koulikoro region , Fatinè and Fani in Segou region.
- Conduct advocacy activities towards political officers of the communes of Nara, Guénébé in Koulikoro region, Fatine and Fani in Segou region for taking into account Ecofarm technologies and other agriculture local bast practices in the PDSECs.
- Build the capacities of at least 80 farmers in setting up contour ridges and teaching them mulching techniques in the 4 communes. Training in the determination of contour ridges is part of the activities of farm schools as setting up half-moons is a requirement in this approach, and this infrastructure (half-moon) is one of the principal techniques for controlling surface waters. And its implementation absolutely requires determination of the field’s slope; hence the necessity of this activity. This training is given by a consultant, who is an expert in this field.
- Survey for the determination of the reference situation in the four communes
- Setting up one hectare size farm schools in each of the four communes
- Training in the preparation of contour ridges
- Organization of 8 community fora per year, i.e., 2 per commune and per year,
- Organization of four assessment workshops of farm schools per year over the first and second years
- Recording technologies in the PDSECs of the four communes or signing a provisional agreement in the third year.
- Organization of a national assessment or summary presentation workshop for DCG Mali member organizations and other technical structures involved in DCG’s themes.
- At least 3 Ecofarm technologies and other local good farming practices are taken into account in the PDSECs of the four communes.
- A funding mechanism of adaptive actions of agriculture and livestock is defined in the PDSECs of the four communes
- Four 1 hectare farm schools are set up
- At least 80 farmers are trained in developing contour ridges and in mulching in the 4 communes by the end of the third year.